Baagh o bahar by Mir Amman. Identifier BaghOBaharPdfUnicode. Identifier-ark ark://t7wm6dv4c. Ocr ABBYY FineReader Ppi Read Bagh-O Bahar (Urdu Edition) book reviews & author details and more at Mir Amman () was an employee of Fort William College at Calcutta. Kissa char darvesh(bagh-o-bahar) written by Mir Aman book was prepared as a standard textbook of Urdu with the inspiration of the Fort William.

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Customers who viewed this item also viewed. The text from which I’ve drawn the jpg images bzhar Fort William publications included a good number of qissah texts, of which Bagh-o-bahar was by far the most famous. In view of his own literary and historical influence, this choice of his text makes a good deal of sense.

Bagh-o-Bahar Qissa Chahar Darwesh ebooks by Mir Amman | Rekhta

To get the free app, enter mobile phone number. The structure of the tales, as indeed the narrative, is woven around themes of humanity, tolerance, kindness, benevolence and charity.

Our translator-in-chief Duncan Forbes himself also singled out the Qissah-e Hatim Ta’i for translation though he used a Persian version of the story, rather than the Fort William retelling. What a juicy and complicated little treat I have here for all you variously interested readers! Where Forbes refers in one note to another note, I’ve re-identified the second note appropriately and provided a suitable hyperlink.

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Bagh-o-Bahar – Indpaedia

Therefore to think that when Chahar Darvesh was written, except for its popularity with the British, who did not even understand Urdu, it was accorded any literary miir by learned men of India, is completely unrealistic. But now comes the new and very i and mostly enjoyable part of the present project: The Last Phase of an Oriental Culturetrans. The merchant, the army chief and the four dervishes are beneficiaries of the king’s patronage.

He’s a figure well worth some attention in his own right. All is well that ends well. In the end, the story has a happy ending.


These traditional tales, intended as readers for language students, were largely restricted to a simple style– a style which at its best was lively, clear, and unpretentious, and at its worst could be flat, monotonous, and childish. If you’re learning Urdu, here’s an excellent practice reading: It describes the norms, etiquettes, rites, mkr, attires, foods, utensils and jewellery. John Borthwick Gilchrist, a famous English scholar of literature of those days.

Forbes’s careful diacritics have been lost to the exigencies of online display, but since I’m providing jpg images of a large bagn of the Urdu text, and since the whole Urdu text is widely available, this shouldn’t inconvenience anyone unduly. I’d like to read this book on Kindle Don’t have a Bagj Traces of this process can be seen in the three introductions reproduced on this site.

Page 1 of 1 Start over Page 1 of 1. Like so many other things about Bagh-o-baharit has proved to be lastingly influential. The difference of decades, and of Smith’s cheerful amateur relish versus Forbes’s ostentatious ajman sometimes irritable professionalism, would have made it fun to be able to separate their notes like layers in an archaeological dig, but many individual notes in Forbes are hybrids, so it would have been unfeasibly complicated to label them all.

Not only is he a thoroughly capable researcher, but he’s also a landmark in his own right: In a passage that would surely tease and torment present-day historians, Mir Amman commented: In addition, Mir Amman is wrong about the history of the Bagh-o-bahar itself: Written by Mir Amman in in the spoken language of the day, the book, a dastan, or tale, was in essence way ahead of the tastes of its time that favoured a classical and ornate style of prose.

In the translation that we study here, many parts of the translation, and many of the notes, are originally Smith’s, yet now they all appear udru assimilated into Forbes’s own work, with for the most part only Forbes’s name on them. The First Darvesh’s story is the longest and most detailed of the four; if you’re an Urdu student looking to sample the language and style of the text, you might want to read this much, and then move on to other material.

Urdu represents, though so few in mif country are prepared to jn it, the values bagar traditions of a truly composite and syncretic culture.


Although the skill of Mir Amman as a writer may have come to the notice of the British in those days, it had not been recognized by any Urdu-speaking person. For further discussion see Chapter One, pp.

Deeply engrossed p classical Urdu literature with a perfect eye for grammar, prosody and rhetoric, Suhail Abbas was just the right bqgh for the job. This page has been accessed 1, times.

Remarkably, Fort William also first published the monumental Urdu ghazal kulliyat of Mir, but that’s another whole story. Amir Khusrau is a magnet for such claims: Bagh-o-bahar is also part of the great international folktale and fairy-tale and romance ocean that includes on the high end the Arabian Nightsthe Kathasaritsagarathe Decameronand countless other such aman, and on the low end the ever-spreading and intermingling waves of oral storytelling and folk narrative that provide them with raw material.

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Bagh O Bahar Pdf Unicode

And those who insist on Urdu being a “foreign language” may learn a lesson or two from bahae tales of four dervishes. We can join in their festivities, and also share their anger and anguish.

I’ve compared Smith’s original notes with Forbes’s later versions Mir Amman’s introduction to Bagh-o-bahar famously provides an early account of the history of the Urdu language.

They are candid and frank. First, they ammsn many particular physical objects and cultural practices that Smith and Forbes could observe ij first hand, to which we now have no such direct access. In the history of qissah literature and other early Urdu prose in the North, both Nau tarz-e murassa’ and Bagh-o-bahar loom large; and for the study of Urdu in the twentieth century, ‘Abdul Haq himself is a towering figure.

In fact, Mir Amman eulogised the contemporary governor-general, Warren Hastings, and his “ingenious” administration.