Auch im BARMER GEK Gesundheitsreport Teil 1 wurde die Bedeutung der Unternehmenskultur für die Gesundheit der Beschäftigten bereits ausführlich. The latest reports from the health insurers AOK and Barmer stress that employees’ mental health Wieland, Rainer: BARMER Gesundheitsreport Seit Jahren greift der BARMER GEK Arzneimittelreport neue Themen auf und schreibt . Jahren , ,. , und zuletzt im Jahre (Ziffer ) eine Aktivierung der Gesundheitsreport Polypharmazie. 1. Auflage.
|Published (Last):||12 October 2018|
|PDF File Size:||7.19 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||20.95 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
The tripartite EU agency providing knowledge to assist in the development of better social, employment and work-related policies.
This information is made available as a service to the public but has not been edited by the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions. The content is the responsibility of the authors. Whilst different findings are available from several sources, it should be noted that the topic of work-related stress and the psychological health of employees has been accorded special attention due to the high economic losses and the long recovery period associated with mental health problems.
Health insurers, governmental agencies and social partners have acknowledged the rising importance of work-related stress. However, they take different approaches on how to deal with the issue. Are there any instruments in place to monitor work-related stress at the national level, for example, national surveys, sectoral studies, epidemiological studies, action research, or other research programmes?
Please describe the main sources of information available on work-related stress in your country coverage, methodology, definitions used, etc. Inthe Joint German Occupational Safety Strategy Gemeinsame Deutsche ArbeitsschutzstrategieGDA was formulated by the National Occupational Safety Conference Nationale Arbeitsschutzkonferenz, NKAto institutionalise cooperation between the federal ministries of labour and of the interior, several regional states, the statutory industrial accident insurers and the social partners.
The signatories to the strategy are currently about to enact appropriate programmes to realise their aims. However, since a first evaluation of the programmes is scheduled for another is to follow inin-depth information on stress is not yet available from this source. The following sources, however, provide an overview of work-related stress:. An annual national report on the development of health and safety at work in Germany is released by BMAS as required by the Social Code, i.
The report published for focuses amongst other things on work-related stress. It analyses the different data sets available and information from the international and national level. The survey and concluding analysis were carried out by the Psychonomics Research Institute and the Department of Economic and Social Psychology at the University of Cologne.
A sample survey was conducted from April to October Altogether, 68, employees in companies were asked to complete a standardised questionnaire as part of an employee survey.
In addition, a senior executive or a department manager in each of the same companies was interviewed to provide a management survey DEI. The so-called Absenteeism Report conducted by WIdO, the scientific research institute of the AOK, a statutory health insurer, and the University of Bielefeld focuses in its edition on work and the psyche. Whilst the gender ratio of AOK insurants is the same as that of the employed population as whole, younger insurants up to 29 years are overrepresented and older insurants 35 to 44 years underrepresented in this sample.
Another statutory health insurer, Barmer, publishes a similar annual report analysing the sick days of its insurants. In the report, the data on 1, employed persons insured by Barmer were analysed. It should be noted that a full A third statutory health insurer, Technische Krankenkasse, conducted a survey on stress-related issues referred to below as the TK Survey in co-operation with the F. In January1, people between the ages of 14 and 65 years were surveyed on behalf of the insurer by the Berlin Forsa Institute.
The survey was carried out by means of telephone interviews using standardised questionnaires. Finally, several other studies and analyses have been used to compare and contrast the information given in the documents mentioned above:.
The principal aim of the survey is to give an overview of the situation of works councils in the private sector and staff councils in the public sector and to monitor industrial relations at the establishment level in Germany. The main survey is carried out every second year. The index is composed of 31 questions on the demands made, and the resources available, at the workplace and individually experienced strain. Answers to the questions are grouped into three sub-indexes, which are weighted equally.
The first relates to the resources available for the employee at the workplace, i. The second index measures the physical and emotional demands made on the employee at the workplace, e.
The third index assesses the income situation of the respondent and asks for an evaluation of his or her career prospects. Since its launch inthe questionnaire has been circulated annually in a postal survey administered by the market research institute TNS-Infratest. Inthe random sample consisted of 7, employees, representing every age, region, income group, sector and company size according to their actual proportion in the total population.
The survey sample comprised 20, employees. Further research findings and gdsundheitsreport were included to provide additional details for some of the questions.
Germany: EWCO comparative analytical report on Work-related stress | Eurofound
Provide, if available, data on the overall level gseundheitsreport work-related stress based on the identified sources. If possible, identify the main trends in this matter presenting data e.
The TK Survey shows that stress affects the majority of the German population. Persons aged between 30 and 39 years were most affected by stress, listing work-related stress as the main reason for their situation.
Based on the main or most used monitoring instruments available identified in Q1please provide information on the following risk factors for stress. If available, please gesundheitsrepirt information on the main changes or trends in text. Similarly, the TK Survey shows that the causes of stress are most often related to deadline pressures or working at high speed.
Especially for well-educated employees and employees in gesundheiysreport positions constant availability, checking e-mails after office hours or on weekends has blurred the line between leisure and working time. Longer hours were mostly worked by employees in the security sector or by part-timers here defined as persons working less than 34 hours a week.
Employees who evaluated their working situation as bad worked more than the average at weekends, on late or night shifts or according to other shift systems. A gesundheitsreort between different groups of workers, i. Whilst team-work was highly rated in general, at Moreover, the TK Survey from indicates that more than every fifth person interviewed suffered barmee conflicts with colleagues or superiors.
Nearly a third of the employees surveyed worked varying schedules, e. Amongst relevant issues, employees indicated that they considered top-down communication, especially on changes, and communication between different departments or divisions gesjndheitsreport be insufficient.
These conflicts were usually over the potential negative ramifications of the innovation process for the staff. The following issues were listed most often by the works council members as reasons for conflicts with the management: The TK Survey highlights the gsundheitsreport that many employers expect a high degree of proactive ggesundheitsreport and self-organisation.
Unclear instructions or briefings by superiors often hinder the development of action strategies by employees. The study analysed the health of the population in the rural districts of eastern and northern Western-Pomerania. The data of 1, individuals were analysed for gesundheitsreort study. The study findings show that precarious job situations led to drug and alcohol abuse and higher numbers of smokers.
Furthermore, employees working in precarious situations more often felt uneasiness. Such employees scored higher in the following gesundheitsreporh The report concludes that depressions taking the form of unhappiness and lack of energy more often affect employees working in precarious work situations. Please provide information including references to the sources or studies on stress-related outcomes:. The Absenteeism Report notes gesundhitsreport the illnesses which cause the most sick days amongst AOK insurants are musculoskeletal disorders MSDswith a share of Ininjuries and respiratory diseases, with shares of Fourth place was taken by psychological diseases with a share rising from 7.
The analysis by Barmer produces a similar ranking. MSDs were responsible for In second gesundheitsreoprt are respiratory diseases However, the share of Barmer insurants diagnosed with a mental illness is much higher than among AOK members. Injuries and intoxications ranked fourth Moreover, the AOK and Barmer reports both point out the gender differences which exist in sickness-related issues. According to the latest data, fromgarmer Female AOK insurants are also more often affected by depression than their male counterparts.
In more than a quarter of the psychological diseases diagnosed amongst female insurants were related to depression symptoms. Male insurants of the AOK, on the other hand, faced greater mental health problems due to psychotropic substances, such as alcohol and tobacco. The male share of such diseases was four times higher than that for women. Barme statistics are supported by the analysis made by Barmer. In the latter case, As with the occurrence of disease amongst AOK insurants, Barmeg members absent from work due to a psychological or behavioural disorder were most often diagnosed with depression symptoms.
The Barmer Report shows that Both reports also point to the longer recovery period which psychological diseases require. For example, in AOK insurants took an average of This recovery period must be considered short in comparison to other psychological diseases. The Barmer Report confirms the longer recovery period for psychological and behavioural diseases, which averaged In this context, it should be noted that data provided by the statutory health insurers, such as AOK and Barmer, reveals the overall health of their insurants.
The data on stress outcomes cannot be differentiated according to the stress factors gesundhitsreport, of which work is only one. For example, a closer look at the category of psychological diseases amongst AOK insurants shows that in nearly half of all such diagnoses The Absenteeism Report notes that such disorders can be caused by great distress from different sources, e.
Both reports, however, highlight the fact that barrmer health problems are often related to demands made on employees at the workplace.
Germany: EWCO comparative analytical report on Work-related stress
In this context, it is worthy of note that the recovery period for depressions, for example, varies with the occupation of the insurant.
The Barmer Report states that in social workers were absent from work recovering from depression for an average of Recovery periods for clerical and bank employees were shorter, with an average of The reports of the health insurers and other studies point to the fact that certain groups of workers are more exposed to gesubdheitsreport stress.
Amongst these are shift-workers, executives and hospital staff. The Absenteeism Report shows that shift work usually correlates with a higher strain potential, with fewer resources available for employees to cope with such strains, e. A greater difference exists for those often working at high speed: