আরণ্যক. Open Education Project. OKFN, India. আরণ্যক. (Aranyak). িবিভূ িতিভূ ষণ্ বিোপাধ্ন্দ্যোপোধ্যোয. (Bibhutibhushan. Bandopadhyay). Aranyak composed between –39 is a famous Bengali novel by Bibhutibhushan Bandopadhyay based on his long and arduous years in northern Bihar. Original filename: Aranyak by Bibhutibhushan This PDF document has been generated by PixelPlanet PdfPrinter 6

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Aranyak literally means Of the Forest. This novel explores the journey of the protagonist Satyacharan in the dichotomy of bandopadhyaay urban and jungle lives. This novel reflects the great love of human and nature that the great novelist experienced in his heart. This novel is a classic in Bengali literature and has influenced many upcoming novelists and intellectuals alike.

In these 6 years he worked for the Estate of Khilat Chandra Ghosh to reform lands by deforestation and provide the inhabitants some bandopahyay for their settlement. During this period he became highly influenced by the natural beauty and the lives of dispossessed subsistence peasants, penurious Brahminsmigrant landless laborers and adivasis and this provides the impetus to compose this bibhutihhushan novel.

On 12 February he wrote in his personal diary Smritir Lekha: I shall write something about the lives around this jungle. A bahdopadhyay of a tough courageous, speedy, neglected life. Bibhutibhushan Rachanasamagra 1, page In his unpublished personal diary he had further written in – A novel on forests. It will have the stories of loneliness, stories of trees and plants In this novel I shall bring out the dichotomy between the rich, wealthy landlords and the poor, sad peasants.

They bibhuibhushan get to eat. Aranyak used to be published serially in a monthly magazine titled Prabasi. It was first published as a book by Katyayani Book Stall. This book was dedicated to Bibhutibhushan’s first wife Gauri Devi. Aranyak is a simple and uncomplicated story. The protagonist Satyacharan goes to an bibgutibhushan, full of forest land, in Bhagalpur district in Bihar after getting a job of the estate manager. Initially his urban lifestyle revolts against the lonely jungle life but gradually nature hypnotized Satyacharan.

Eventually he can not even remain away from the forest and its serene surroundings for long periods. Satyacharan and his partner Jugalprasad, a perfect match to the nature-loving soul of Satyacharan decorated the forest by planting many rare species of herbs and saplings.

Bibhutibhusahn Satyacharan is an estate manager and his job was to reclaim the forest land and distribute to the people for more revenue earnings. He has no other way but to destroy this wonderful creation of the forest-Goddess against his own will and distribute it amongst the local people. Age old gigantic trees as well as plants and herbs of rare species are being destroyed to make way bibhutibuhshan human encroachment.

The novel ends with a deep feeling of guilt and sadness in Satyacharan. The novel “Aranyak” is written in first person. He is the sole bridge that connects the forest with the so-called civilized outer world.

The unsaid comparison between the wranyak worlds that is hidden almost everywhere in the novel, would have never been possible without the presence of this character. Satyacharan is one of the most important characters in this novel. However, it will be a grave mistake to think of him as the central character of this novel.


He is an outsider- who has no connection with the forest or the forest people. He is a mere audience of the daily mystery drama that is played in the stage of the jungle every day. He can only witness the acting in this beautiful drama from outside, he does not have the capability to go up onto the stage and take part in that drama.

Basically there is no central character in the novel “Aranyak”. Satyacharan stands outside of all of this.

Through his sharp intellect and intense feelings he can understand and enjoy whatever he watches, but he can not engross himself into any of it. Because he does not belong to the forest, he is an outsider. There are many different characters in the forest but none like Raju Pnaare.

Satyacharan gave him some more land but his habit did not change. Actually Raju was more of a poetic and philosophical nature than that of a financial nature. When a short boy named Dhaturia came to perform dance here his age was not more than twelve or thirteen. In the Southern parts there was a famine due to drought, hence the people of those lands went out to perform dances. Dhaotal Sahu lives in the village of Naogachia; his occupation is to lend money on interest.

We mostly think of interest earning money lenders as very bad people. But he is a very simple and ego less person, who does not have any issue with wearing dusty clothes and having a meal of simple sattu beside a stub or by the street.

Matuknath Pnaare is a descendant of an educated Brahmin family, who used to teach in a tol or a small primary school in his village. Once the school closed down, he wandered in search of a job and landed in the office of Satyacharan one day. There could be no arrangements made for him in the office as he knew nothing about the work, but he stayed there for a few days.

Satyacharan also did not object in that, because may be he liked this simple, almost callous ever happy man somewhat. Jugalprasad is one of the mystic characters of the novel. He is an ardent lover of Nature. He has a goal of beautifying the forest until his death. He had collected ornamental plants likes-Rangon, Baganbilash from Kalkata city to plant. Also collect water-lillies to beautify the forest. Kunta is a holly sati as drawn by the author. She was daughter of a Baiji.

But later she was married by a Rajput. Soon after her marriage she lost her husband. She was then captured by Rasbihari Singh,who wanted to marry her. Kunta escaped from Rasbihari’s hand and started life in great hardship. Later she was graced by Satya and got some land in free.

At the end of the story, she was found crying as Satya left for ever. Venkateswar was a local poet and lived with his wife at the vicinity of the forest. Once he invited Satya to listen his poems. Though Satya did not enjoy the poems, still he pressed Venkateswar for his hearty effort. Manchi is a young Gangota aq tribe caste girl, unfortunately married to an old Sardar, Naxedi.


She has got a tremendous life in her which attracted Satya. She gossiped with Satya several times and started thinking that Bengali people Satya are very good writers. She asked Satya to write about Their fallacy of poverty and untouchability. She had great interest in cheap fancy commodities.

One day she was found to bibhutinhushan missing. Satya suspected that anyone tempted her by fancy things and took her to tea estate to employ her as a female-labour. Later Naxedi and his first wife along with their daughters Suratia got some land from Satya and escaped their vagabound life.

Raja Doboru Panna is truly a raja king of few Santals.


bibhutibhsuhan He is an old man who lost all of his royal powers after independence. Still his personality takes after a king. Satya pays him a visit and Doboru bibhutibhushaan him cardially. After few months of this visit, the news of Doboru’s death comes to Satya. Later on, Satya goes to Santal Pargana residence of Doboru. Jagaru Panna is the son of Doboru who has no such influence on the plot. But Bhanumati, grand daughter of Doboru had a friendly relationship with Satya.

At the fag end of the novel, when Satya is about to leave gandopadhyay forest for ever, he goes to visit Bhanumati for the last time.

We find much to our exclaim that on his return Satya thinks If I could marry Bhanumati and build a happy nest for us. Bhanu would speak out of some imaginative giant, and I would be her listener.

Free Book Download Store: Aranyak By Bibhutibhushan Bandyopadhyay

Rasbehari is one of the most cruel zaminders who ruled poor tribes by his weapon and manpower. He has no such clash with Satya though he joins to Chote Singh and Nandlal Ojha Golaoala to drive out the honest manager Satya by influencing higher authority. Even he aramyak Satya in a ceremony of Holy to show off his power.

He once captured Kunta in order to marry her. He can be considered as the perfect villain of the novel. Nandalal Ojha is one of the few bad men in the novel. He knows how to cajole people to his own advantage. Those who does not make him happy becomes his enemy.

He is really a dangerous person.

Aranyak – Wikipedia

It was first published in May, and the present paperback classic edition is the 24th print which is dated January, This edition was edited by Shri Taradas Bandyopadhdhayson of the author.

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