Juan Antonio Muñoz Mendez, Charli Serra, Jose Antonio Cadrecha Garcia and 30 others like this. Comments. Juan Sanchez En melilla e estado yo 23 mese. See more of Supervivencia Policial Reactiva on Facebook. Log In. Forgot account? or. Create New Account. Not Now. Supervivencia Policial Reactiva. volunteers in the tercio came to be known as “caballeros legionarios,” and Millán Astray prepared for them a special honor code, the “credo legionario.

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The Spanish Legion Spanish: It was raised in the s to serve as part of Spain’s Army of Africa. The unit, which was established in January as the Spanish equivalent of the French Foreign Legionwas initially known as the Tercio de Extranjeros ” Tercio of foreigners”the name under which it began fighting in the Rif War of — Although it recruited some kegionario mostly from Spanish-speaking nations, it recruited predominantly from Spaniards.

As a result, and since it existed to serve in Spanish Morocco, it was soon renamed Tercio de Marruecos “Tercio of Morocco “. By the end of the Rif War it had expanded and again changed its name, to the “Spanish Legion”, with several “tercios” as sub-units.

Historically there had been a “Spanish Foreign Legion” which preceded letionario modern Legion’s formation in This became the first Spanish Legion until it was dissolved on 8 Decemberwhen it had dropped to only men. This Legion fought for the fortified bridge of Arrigorriaga on 11 September Its purpose was to provide a corps of professional troops to fight in Spain’s colonial campaigns in North Africa, in place of conscript units that were proving ineffective. In the original Tercio de Extranjeros there were, crdeo others, one Chinese, three Japanese, one Maltese, one Russian, and one black American.

In the 18th century tercios were replaced by regiments. There is no equivalent word in English. Dating from the 16th century, the name was chosen to evoke the era of Spain’s military supremacy as the leading Catholic power in Europe under the Habsburg Emperors.

Organised into tercios inthe Spanish infantry gained a reputation for invincibility. In at the height of the Spanish Civil War, the Tercio de Marruecos was renamed La Legionthe name by which it is still known today.

His style and attitude would become part of the mystique of the legion. On 20 September the first recruit joined the new legion, a date which is now celebrated annually. The initial make-up of the regiment was that of a headquarters unit and three battalions known as Banderaslit. Each battalion was in turn made up of a headquarters company, two rifle companies and a machine gun company. At its height, during the Spanish Civil War, the legion consisted of 18 banderasplus a tank banderaan assault engineer bandera and a Special Creco Group.

Banderas 12 to 18 were considered independent units and never served as part of the additional tercios into which the legion was organised. Francisco Franco was one of the leaders of the legion and the unit’s second-in-command, concurrently commanding the 1st Legion Bandera. The legion fought in Morocco in the War of the Rif to In October units of both the legion and the Regulares were brought to Spain by the Republican Government to levionario put down a workers revolt in the area of Asturias.


The professionalism of both the legion and the Regulares gave Franco’s rebel troops a significant initial advantage over the less well trained Spanish Republican forces. The Army of Africa remained an elite spearhead, until the expansion of the rebel armies after April led to the legion and Moroccan units being distributed across several fronts.

Following the Francoist victory inthe legion was reduced in size and returned to its bases in Spanish Morocco. It was only after then that the legion attained leionario present composition of 4 Tercios, and the names given to them, the 4th Tercio of the legion was established later in When Morocco gained its independence in the legion continued in existence as part of the garrison of the remaining Spanish enclaves and territories in North Africa.

Credo del Legionario(Bushido Way) | Marcial | Pinterest | Civil war art, Spanish and Army

The legion fought Arab irregulars legionariio the Ifni War in On 17 JuneLegion units opened fire and killed between two and eleven ceedo at the Zemla neighbourhood in El AaiunSpanish Saharamodern day Western Sahara. The incident, which came known as the Zemla Intifadahad a significant influence on pushing the Sahrawi anticolonial movement into embarking on an armed struggle which continues, though Spain has long since abandoned the territory and handed it over to Morocco.

Through the course of the legion’s history Spaniards including natives of the colony of Spanish Guinea have made up the majority of its members, with foreigners accounting for 25 percent or less. In the s, after the abandonment of conscriptionthe Spanish Legion once again accepted foreigners into service. Male and female native Spanish speakers, mostly from Central American and South American states, were included. Today, acceptance to the Spanish Legion is based on the following criteria: The legion units deployed in Iraq were involved in several operations against the insurgency.


Two other independent tercios are deployed in the Spanish African enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla as part of their respective garrisons. The legion is legipnario controlled by the Spanish General Staff.

It also has its own confraternity with its home chapel located in this historic city, where veterans who served in this unit are counted among its membership. The Legion’s detachments also take part in various Holy Week events nationwide, including its military band. The members of this unit, who were volunteers from other banderas of the legion, received training in: GOE-XIX accepts applicants from other light infantry units and no longer forms part of the legion, nowadays it is subordinated to Special Operations Groups.

The military ranks and promotion conditions of the Spanish Legion are the same as those applicable to the remainder of the Spanish Army. Formerly the Legion had its own rank system for non-commissioned officers. The only modern difference is that soldiers OR-1 in the Legion are referred to as “Caballeros Legionarios” Legionnaire knights.

Legionnaires consider this title as a distinction, earned through rigorous training and initiation tests. It includes basic military skills, forced marches and a stringent assault course. After the second month, the recruit signs a 2 or 3-year contract. After finishing basic training the recruit joins one of the tercios, in there he receives further training, mostly focused on parading and legionary tradition.

This is the same process as in the legionqrio of units in the Spanish army. From its establishment the legion was noted for its levionario and simple style of dress, in contrast to the colourful dress uniforms worn by the Peninsular regiments of legionnario Spanish Army until the overthrow of the Monarchy in This was part of the cult of austerity favoured by a unit that considered itself on more or less continual active service.


The modern legion has the same camouflage dress for active service and ordinary duties as the rest of the Spanish Army but retains the unique, sage green Tropical uniform for semi-formal barrack dress and as the basis of Legion parade uniform. Perhaps the most distinctive feature of the modern legion uniform is the khaki “gorrillo” cap or ” chapiri “, with red hanging tassel and piping. Contrary to usual military practice, Legionaries are allowed to sport beards and are permitted to wear their uniforms, both traditional and service, open at the chest.

The basic weapons used by the Legion are the same as those used by the rest of the Spanish Army. Like the rest of the Army, the Legion makes use of crew served weapons such as the M2 Browning machine gun and the SB LAG 40 automatic grenade launcher on their armoured vehicles.

For instance, the Legion adopted the regimental designation of tercio in memory of the 16th-century Spanish infantry formations that had toppled nations and terrorized the battlefields of Europe in the days of Charles V.

Spanish Legion

As legipnario tribute to the old Tercios the Legion coat of arms features, besides the crown, weapons used by the soldiers of these units – the musket, halberd and crossbow. It is played by the military bands and bugle bands of the Legion at the regulation beats that it exclusively uses.

The following is a list of Legionaries who have gained fame or notoriety inside or outside of the legion. From Llegionario, the free encyclopedia.

This article is about the Spanish Foreign Legion. For other uses, see Spanish Legion disambiguation. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

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