CYBERNETYKA I CHARAKTER PDF

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Cybernetyka I charakter

Control parameters are grouped into rigid ones constant or changing independently and elastic ones. The first condition requires organs for reception and accumulation of both energy and information. The author considers the first to be a bad habit provoking useless arguments about the meaning of words, as if the choice of problems to be solved depended on terms, instead of the reverse.

Those theorems reveal the falsity of many intuitive opinions about such matters. Character Control parameters are grouped into rigid ones constant or changing independently and elastic ones. Level of character Efficiently of control behaviour depends on the number charaiter recorded associations “level of character”. As in regulating any quantity, there is a zone of dynamism in which stimuli are accepted “tolerance”.

It explains why even weak stimuli can provoke strong reactions whilst cybdrnetyka stimuli can be insufficient to provoke reactions, and how it happens that people sometimes act against their interests e.

It is pointed out that, besides abstract problems logics and mathematics and monodisciplinary problems special disciplines of traditional science, modern science comprises multidisciplinary problems cooperation of special disciplines and interdisciplinary problems cybernetics.

Ensemble of rigid control parameters is called “character” it is no charaktr be confused with the psychological term “personality” relating to symptoms of human behaviour, not its source. The widespread opinion that every theory should be empirically verified is put into question. It means that any work can be done either by the human organism itself by personal effort or by other sources of energy thanks to machines, money, subordinates, relatives, friends etc.

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charakger

Efficiently of control behaviour depends on the number of recorded associations “level of character”. In turn, this parameter of character depends: Control It is shown, on cybernetic grounds, that all possible problems can be divided into six groups. It is possible to establish a continuous scale of dynamism, but, with regard to terminological convenience, it is divided into five “character classes” comprising strong negative dynamism endodynamismfeeble negative dynamism endostatismzero dynamism statismfeeble positive dynamism exostatismand strong positive dynamism exodynamism.

Limanowicz, Dykteryjki i ciekawostki szachoweWarszawa The rigours and advantages of such an approach are elucidated. Ensemble of rigid control parameters is called “character” it is no to be confused with the psychological term “personality” relating to symptoms of human behaviour, not its source.

Control parameters are grouped into rigid ones constant or changing independently and elastic ones.

The most important parameter of character is “dynamism of character” determined by the relation between dispersion and accumulation of energy. For any partner, four kinds of tendencies can be distinguished: The cybernetic theory presented in this book is a strong one.

In order to define “information” by an appropriate conventionthe control line is considered to comprise a set of physical states “signals” in which longitudinal transformation “code” and transversal physical nature of psychical phenomena: For the sake of a charaktee understanding of this idea some methodological preliminaries are cybernehyka.

Coupling Many theorems concerning chagakter between coupled systems are given. From this point of view, about forty theorems are formulated on various aspects of human behaviour such as life trends, attitudes, ideas, feelings, desires, fancies, activities, motives, convictions, remembrances, receiving and giving information, decision making, etc. Just the last is applied in this book.

Theoretical and empirical cognizance The widespread opinion that every theory should be empirically verified is put into question. Also, the everlasting esthetical question of “form and content” cynernetyka solved. Three ways of treating cybernetics are shown: Nevertheless, it is essential to determine whether each partner has a broad character owing to great tolerance mutual satisfaction or to great softness mutual concessions.

Over and above there is a zone in which stimuli can only be imposed “softness”. Broadness of character As in regulating any quantity, there is a zone of dynamism in which stimuli are accepted “tolerance”. These statements can be particularly instructive to educators who, in fact, compel pupils to behave in the static way in spite of their exostatic or even exodynamic character.

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For any partner, four kinds of tendencies can be distinguished: The most important parameter of character is “dynamism of character” determined by the relation between dispersion and accumulation of energy.

Marian Mazur – Cybernetyka i charakter – Summary

It means that children are exodynamic; this conclusion is confirmed by empirical facts with astounding accuracy. It is demonstrated that physiological energy during the lifetime of man must initially inerease, reach maximum, and then decrease.

Nevertheless, it is essential to determine whether each partner has a broad character owing to great tolerance mutual satisfaction or to great softness mutual concessions. The search for comprehension of human nature After that introduction into the principles of cybernetics a short historical essay on polemics between scientists and anthropocentric doct-rinaires is given.

It is possible to establish a continuous scale of dynamism, but, with regard to terminological convenience, it is divided into five “character classes” comprising strong negative dynamism endodynamismfeeble negative dynamism endostatismzero dynamism statismfeeble positive dynamism exostatismand strong positive dynamism exodynamism. The rigours and advantages of such an approach are elucidated. Coupling Many theorems concerning interactions between coupled systems are given.

There is a gap between those disciplines, because, they cannot answer the question of how energomaterial and informational processes in the human organism are interconnected. A warning is given against characterological illusions due to: To begin with, the present state of science is analyzed. Also, there is a physical explanation of such phenomena as loss of consciousness, sleep, and dreams.

Therefore all essential concepts in this book are defined by terminological conventions.