DHTML Utopia: Modern Web Design Using JavaScript & DOM by Stuart contributes to Stylish Scripting: SitePoint’s DHTML and CSS Blog. About The. DHTML Utopia: Modern Web Design Using JavaScript & DOM explores the Document Object Model, remote scripting, Ajax, XML-RPC and. What do Flickr, Google Suggest, Google Maps, and GMail have in common? They all take great advantage of some of the latest modern, unobtrusive DHTML .

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When a key is pressed, our function will pop up a dialog box to tell us so. We can shorten the dhtnl slightly to the following:.

Think of it as though you were shooting a scene for a movie. Depending on your browser of choice, this might seem to work just fine at first glance. In addition to appendChildeach node has an insertBefore method, which is called with two arguments: Now, what should appear when the cursor is located at the bottom-right corner of the viewing area?

To facilitate this, we must move our “hookup” code from the HTML to a separate script section: To change the highlight, simply change the CSS. The keypress event is nonstandard i. Note the location of the cursor. Suppose the variable node points to the ul element of the DOM tree.

DHTML Utopia: Modern Web Design Using JavaScript and DOM

The next step is for the code to get the position of the mouse inside the thumbnail image area. That means that this code is good for other applications. All this sniffing relies on JavaScript’s runtime behavior.


This represents a more systematic approach than the old-fashioned use of onmouseover and onmouseout attributes, dbtml keeps rollover code separate from other content. The three categories in the middle of the list are of concern to us in this chapter.

DHTML Utopia: Modern Web Design Using JavaScript & DOM

However, the if statement will also fail if foo. If not, the event object passed to the function as ewhich also has a keyCode property, is used.

If the element has multiple classes, the above condition will always evaluate to false. It might look something like this:. If we move the cursor to the extreme bottom-right of the viewing area, we want the big image to move by almost its entire size — but not quite!

DHTML Utopia: Modern Web Design Using JavaScript and DOM

Feature sniffing can be used on any JavaScript object: The techniques we have explored in this chapter are at their most powerful when we combine the utppia capabilities of DHTML with the page styling of CSS. This is a very important distinction.

utopi When we mouse-over a thumbnail image, though, the display of that thumbnail changes to show the actual image to which it’s linked, as shown in Figure 4. If the background image were tiled the defaultadditional copies of the image would be visible at this bottom-right corner — a very odd result.


DHTML Utopia: Modern Web Design Using JavaScript & DOM – SitePoint Premium

This is called event bubbling ; an event “bubbles” up through the DOM tree, starting with the target element, until it reaches the top. The problem occurs only when the page is scrolled which was not the case with the above page.

Our main event listener, aKeyWasPressedhas not been changed. Any hope of your being able to control the appearance and functionality of your pages across browsers goes right out the window unless you do this right.

Our intention here is to apply the class tuopia to the other cells in the row that contains the moused-over cell, and its column.

Think about it carefully; you might like to try experimenting with two pieces of paper, one of which has a rectangular hole in it. In our brave new world, we can add the extra name entry fields dynamically. We can check if the unordered list has any list items children dgtml looking at the length property of the childNodes array:.

If we do not include the brackets, we’re referring to the JavaScript Function object that underlies the method. Notice our fieldCount variable; this keeps track of how many friend fields there are.

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