Vasconia y la nueva Europa. Front Cover. Federico Krutwig Sagredo. Elkar – pages Bibliographic information. QR code for Vasconia y la nueva Europa. El padre de Federico era alemán, y su madre vizcaina de procedencia veneciana de político, Vasconia (); auténtica biblia de gran parte de la generación. Out of interest I’d like to read a book which inspired ETA, Federico Krutwig’s ‘ Vasconia’. I do politics at university in the UK and have an.
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Federico Krutwig Sagredo — was a Spanish Basque writer, philosopher and politician, author of several books. The thought of both authors, melding Basque nationalism and Anarchism gave birth to a minor political current known as Anarko abertzalism Anarcho-nationalismwhich eventually merged within the hybrid of Marxism and Anarchism known as Autonomism.
Federico Krutwig was born on 15 May in Getxothe son of a bourgeois family of German origin. He taught himself the Basque language. He joined the Basque-Language Academy inwhere he favoured the standardisation of Basque around the Labourdine dialect of the first printed books in Basque, and with an etymological orthography.
However, the Academy preferred the Guipuscoan dialect as the basis of Standard Basque. Krutwig’s Basque language standardisation proposal was not to be applied beyond the members of the Jakintza Baitha “House of Knowledge” Hellenophile society.
Inafter rejecting Luis Villasante joining the Basque-Language Academyand after his criticisms to the position of the Catholic Church in reference to the Basque language, he went into exile in France. Once in Donibane-Lohitzune he contacted members of the movement Jagi-Jagi. In he edits the book Vasconia, where he questions part of the traditional Basque nationalism of Sabino Arana and proposes a new Basque nationalism.
He collaborates with ex-militants of EGI and theorizes about the use of violence for political purposes. In is expelled from France and moves to Brussels Belgium. Here he starts to make contact with members of ETA.
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In he abandoned ETA and established his residency back in Spain in Zarauzvascnia dedicate himself exclusively fedreico literary production. He spoke and read several ancient and modern languages. He translated into Basque works of Goethe and Mao Zedong. The Basque folk group Oskorri released an album Garaldea featuring collaborations with Canarian musicians. The thought of both authors, melding Basque nationalism and Anarchism gave birth to a minor political current known as Anarkoabertzalism Anarcho-nationalismwhich eventually merged within the hybrid of Marxism and Anarchism known as Autonomism.
Biography Federico Krutwig was born on 15 May in Getxo, the son of a bourgeois family of German origin. Krutwig’s Basque language standardisation proposal was not to be applied beyond the members of the Jak Map of “Arpitania”, showing place names in “Arpitan”.
The inset illustrates two isolated towns in the Celle di San Vito vasconua Foggia, Apulia region of southern Italy, where Arpitan is also spoken. He first drew the anagram of the axe and serpent, later used by ETA.
Euskaltzaindia literally, “group of keepers of the Basque language”; often translated Royal Academy of the Basque Language is the official academic language regulatory institution which watches over the Basque language. It carries out research on the language, seeks to protect it, and establishes standards of use. The academy was given status of a royal academy in Important figures from the 19th century had already demanded the setting-up of an academy in defence of the language Ulibarr The language is also spoken in alpine valleys in the Metropolitan City of Turin, two isola Although detailed accounts jrutwig the language date to the end of the 19th century, linguistic research began only in the s.
The Erromintxela are the descendants of vascomia 15th-century wave of Kalderash Roma, who entered the Basque Country via France. Erromintxela is a mixed language referred to as Para-Romani in Romani linguisticsderiving most of its vocabulary from Kalderash Romani but using Basque grammar, similar to the way the Angloromani languag Biography Education and employment A Ph.
He directed the National Library of Spain from toand then left that position to direct the Cervantes Institute until his replacement after the Socialist triumph of March 14, The modern dialects of Basque, according to Koldo Zuazo: Between six and nine Basque dialects have been historically distinguished: The boundaries of all these dialects do not coincide directly with current political or vascoonia boundaries.
It was believed that the Heavily based on the central Basque dialect, this is the version of the language commonly used in education at all levels—from elementary school to the university—, on television and radio, and krutwit the vast majority of all written production in Basque. Anarchism and nationalism both emerged in Europe following the French Revolution ofand have a long and durable relationship going vasdonia at least to Mikhail Bakunin and his involvement with the Vascknia movement prior to his conversion to anarchism.
There has been a long history of anarchist involvement with nationalism all over the world, as well as with internationalism. Nevertheless, anarchism as a political movement was very supportive during the early krutig century of anationalism as well as of the Esperanto language.
The group was founded in and later evolved from a group promoting traditional Basque culture to a paramilitary group engaged in a violent campaign of bombing, assassinations and kidnappings in the Southern Basque Country and throughout Spanish vascoina.
Its goal was gaining independence for the Basque Country. Between andit killed people including civilians and injured thousands krutwib.
In spite of some justifiable criticism of an imbalance towards unusual and archaic forms and a tendency to ignore the Romance influence on Basque, he is considered one of the greatest scholars of Basque to date. Azkue or simply Azkue. NASA photo, 21st century French map, 18th century In the Spanish public discourse the territory traditionally inhabited by the Basques was assigned a variety of names across the centuries.
Terms used might have been almost identical, with hardly noticeable difference in content and connotation, or they could have varied enormously, also when consciously used one against another. The names used demonstrate changing perceptions of the area and until today the nomenclature employed could be battleground between partisans of different options.
Terms originating from other languages first of all Basque, though also Latin are acknowledged if in circulation also in Spanish. Mrutwig list contains indisputably proper names e. Joanes Leizarraga — was a 16th-century Basque priest. He is most famous for being the first to attempt the standardisation of the Basque language and for the translation of religious works into Basque, in particular fedrrico first Basque translation of the New Testament.
Although the village was in Labourd, it fell within the area vascohia the Lower Navarrese dialect of Basque. His family’s farmhouse bore the family’s name, Leizarraga, and stood in Briscous until it was destroyed in Federico Krutwig topic Federico Krutwig Sagredo — was a Spanish Basque writer, philosopher and politician, author of several books. Member feedback about Federico Krutwig: Spanish essayists Revolvy Brain revolvybrain. Arpitania topic Map of “Arpitania”, showing place names in “Arpitan”.
Member feedback about Arpitania: Arpitany Revolvy Brain revolvybrain. Felix Likiniano topic Felix Likiniano.
Federico Krutwig (Author of La cuestión vasca)
Member feedback about Felix Likiniano: People from Gipuzkoa Revolvy Brain revolvybrain. Euskaltzaindia topic Euskaltzaindia literally, “group of keepers of the Basque language”; often translated Royal Academy of the Basque Language is the official academic language regulatory vwsconia which watches over the Basque language.
Member feedback about Euskaltzaindia: French culture Revolvy Brain revolvybrain. Languages of France Revolvy Brain revolvybrain.
Erromintxela language topic Location of the Basque provinces within Spain vasfonia France Erromintxela Basque pronunciation: Member feedback about Erromintxela language: Member feedback about Jon Juaristi: Converts to Judaism Revolvy Brain revolvybrain. Basque dialects topic The modern dialects of Basque, according to Koldo Zuazo: Member feedback about Basque dialects: Dialects by language Revolvy Brain revolvybrain. Member feedback about Standard Basque: Basque language Revolvy Brain revolvybrain.
Anarchism and nationalism topic Anarchism and nationalism both emerged in Europe following the French Revolution ofand have a long and durable relationship going back at least mrutwig Mikhail Bakunin and his involvement with the Pan-Slavic movement prior to his conversion to anarchism.
Member feedback about Anarchism and nationalism: Nationalism Revolvy Brain revolvybrain. Member vasconi about ETA separatist group: Far-left politics Revolvy Brain revolvybrain. Names of the Basque Country in Spanish topic NASA photo, 21st century French map, 18th century In the Spanish public discourse the territory traditionally inhabited by the Basques was assigned a variety of names across the centuries. Member feedback about Names of the Basque Country in Spanish: Basque history Revolvy Brain revolvybrain.
Joanes Leizarraga topic Joanes Leizarraga — was a 16th-century Basque priest. Member feedback about Joanes Leizarraga: Huguenots Revolvy Brain revolvybrain. Wikimedia Commons has frderico related to Federiko Krutwig.