Wiki for Collaborative Studies of Arts, Media and Humanities. 9. Mai Transcript of “Die Gesellschaft des Spektakels” – Guy Debord. Gliederung Einführung Inhalt Aktualität der kritischen Theorie in Bezug auf die. : Die Gesellschaft des Spektakels () by Guy Debord and a great selection of similar New, Used and Collectible Books available.
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The Society of the Spectacle French: The book is considered a seminal text for the Situationist movement. Debord published a follow-up book Comments on the Society of the Spectacle in The work is a series of short theses in the form of aphorisms. Each thesis contains one paragraph. Debord traces the spktakels of a modern society in which authentic social life has been replaced with its representation: The spectacle is the inverted image of society in which relations between commodities have supplanted relations between people, in which “passive identification with the spectacle supplants genuine activity”.
In his analysis of the spectacular society, Debord notes that the quality of life is impoverished,  with such a lack of authenticity that human perceptions are affected, and an attendant degradation of knowledge, which in turn hinders critical thought.
Debord’s aim and proposal is “to wake up the spectator who has been drugged by spectacular images In the Situationist view, situations are actively created moments characterized by “a sense of self-consciousness of existence within a particular environment or ambience”. The Society of the Spectacle is a critique of contemporary consumer culture and commodity fetishismdealing with issues such as class alienationcultural homogenizationand mass media.
When Debord says that “All that was once directly lived has become mere representation,” he is referring to the central importance of the image in contemporary society. Images, Debord says, have supplanted genuine human interaction.
Thus, Debord ‘s fourth thesis is: In a consumer society, social life is not about living, but about having; the spectacle uses the image to gfsellschaft what people need and must have.
Consequently, social life moves further, leaving a state of “having” and proceeding into a state of “appearing”; namely the appearance of the image. Debord also draws an equivalence between the role of mass media marketing in the present and the role of religions in the past.
Debord contends further that “the remains of religion and of diw family the principal relic ddie the heritage of class power and the moral repression they assure, merge whenever the enjoyment of this world is affirmed—this world being nothing other than repressive pseudo-enjoyment.
These religions arose on the soil of history, and established themselves there. But there they still preserve themselves in radical opposition to history.
In Chapter 8, “Negation and Consumption Within Culture”, Debord includes a critical analysis of the works of three American sociologists.
Media Art Net | Debord, Guy: Society of spectacle
Debord discusses at length Daniel J. Boorstin ‘s The Imagearguing that Boorstin missed the concept of Spectacle. In thesisDebord mentions some American sociologists who have described the general project of developed capitalism which “aims to recapture the fragmented worker as a personality well integrated in the group;” the examples mentioned by Debord are David Riesmanauthor of The Lonely Crowdand William H. Whyteauthor of the bestseller The Organization Man. Wright Millsauthor of White Collar: The American Middle Classes.
Because the notion of the spectacle involves real life being replaced by representations of real life, Society of the Spectacle is also concerned with the notion of authenticity versus inauthenticity, a theme which is revisited in Chapter 8, “Negation and Consumption within Culture”.
In Debord’s treatment, modern society forces culture to constantly re-appropriate or re-invent itself, copying and re-packaging old ideas. Thesis makes this point, rhetorically:.
The meaning of words participates in the improvement. It embraces an author’s phrase, makes use of his expressions, erases a false idea, and replaces it with the right idea. Le sens des mots y participe. The book cover of the edition is derived from a photograph by the Life magazine photographer, J.
Eyerman took a gesllschaft of photographs of the audience wearing 3-D glasses. Life magazine used one of the photographs as the cover of a brochure about the decade. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For dees eponymous filmsee The Society of the Spectacle film.
Can Dialectics Break Bricks? Council for Maintaining the Occupations. The Spectacle is “affirmation of all human lifenamely social life, as mere appearance” from thesis 6: The externality of the spectacle in relation to the active man appears in the fact that his own gestures are no longer his but those of another who represents them to him.
This is why the spectator feels at home nowhere, because the spectacle is everywhere. Being a star means specializing in the seemingly lived; the star is the object of identification with the shallow seeming life that has to compensate for the fragmented productive specializations which are actually lived. The growth of their real historical power goes together with a popularization of the possession of myth and illusion.
Cover of the first edition. Print Hardcover spektaoels, Paperback.
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