So this evening, more or less on a whim, I decided to print out “The Inverted Forest”, one of Salinger’s uncollected novellas which I have hitherto refrained from. These are the words of Raymond Ford, fictional famous poet of the poem “The Inverted Forest” in J.D. Salinger’s novella The Inverted Forest. 田 中 逸郎. Escaping and Avoidling David Copperield.. 植术,研介: Salinger’s Impossible Dream in “The Inverted Forest. 新山,步子. 広島大学英文学会 .
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Following his early success publishing short stories and The Catcher in the RyeSalinger led a very private life for more than a half-century. He published his final original work in and gave his last interview in Salinger was raised in Manhattan and began writing short stories while in secondary school. Several were published in Story magazine  in the early s before he began serving in World War II.
Inhis critically acclaimed story ” A Perfect Day for Bananafish ” appeared in The New Yorker magazine, which became home to much of his later work. The Catcher in the Rye was published in and became an immediate popular success. His depiction of adolescent alienation and loss of innocence in the protagonist Holden Caulfield was influential, especially among adolescent readers. The success of The Catcher in the Rye led to public attention and scrutiny. Salinger became reclusive, publishing new work less frequently.
He followed Catcher with a short story collection, Nine Stories ; a volume containing a novella and a short story, Franny and Zooey ; and a volume containing two novellas, Raise High the Roof Beam, Carpenters and Seymour: His last published work, a novella entitled ” Hapworth 16, “, appeared in The New Yorker on June 19, Afterward, Salinger struggled with unwanted attention, including a legal battle in the s with biographer Ian Hamilton and the release in the late s of memoirs written by two people close to him: Joyce Maynardan ex-lover; and Margaret Salinger, his daughter.
Ina small publisher announced a deal with Salinger to publish “Hapworth 16, ” in book form, but amid the ensuing publicity the release was indefinitely delayed. Salinger died of natural causes on January 27,at his home in Cornish, New Hampshire. His father, Sol Salinger, sold kosher cheese, and was from a Jewish family of Lithuanian descent,  his own father having been the rabbi for the Adath Jeshurun Congregation in Louisville, Kentucky.
In youth, Salinger attended public schools on the West Side of Manhattan. Then inthe family moved to Park Avenueand Salinger was enrolled at the McBurney Schoola nearby private school. Salinger’s Valley Forge file reveals that he was a “mediocre” student, and unlike the overachievement enjoyed by members of the Glass family he would go on to write about, his recorded IQ between and was slightly above average.
Salinger started his freshman year at New York University in He considered studying special education  but dropped out the following spring.
The Inverted Forest – Wikipedia
That fall, his father urged him to learn about the meat-importing business, and he went to work at a company in the Austrian city of Vienna and the Polish city of Bydgoszcz. His disgust for the meat business and his rejection of his father probably had a lot to do with his vegetarianism as an adult. In the fall ofSalinger attended Ursinus College in Collegeville, Pennsylvaniaand wrote a column called “skipped diploma”, which included movie reviews.
According to Burnett, Salinger did not distinguish himself until a few weeks before the end of the second semester, at which point “he suddenly came to life” and completed three stories. Burnett became Salinger’s mentor, and they corresponded for several years. Despite finding her immeasurably self-absorbed he confided to a friend that “Little Oona’s hopelessly in love with little Oona”he called her often and wrote her long letters.
The same year, Salinger began submitting short stories to The New Yorker. In Decemberhowever, the publication accepted ” Slight Invwrted off Madison “, a Manhattan-set story about a disaffected teenager named Holden Caulfield with “pre-war jitters”.
During the campaign from Normandy into Germany, Salinger arranged to meet with Ernest Hemingwaya writer who had influenced him and was then working as a war correspondent in Paris. Salinger was assigned to a counter-intelligence unit, for which he used his proficiency in French and German to interrogate prisoners of war.
Salinger “The Inverted Forest” “Blue Melody” Cosmopolitan (2) Dec 1947 Sep 1948
He was hospitalized for a few weeks for combat stress reaction after Germany was defeated,   and he later told his daughter: Salinger continued to write while serving in the army, publishing several stories in slick magazines such as Collier’s and The Saturday Evening Post.
After Germany’s defeat, Salinger signed up for a six-month period of ” Denazification ” duty in Germany  for the Counterintelligence Corps. He lived in Weissenburg and, soon after, married Sylvia Welter. He brought her to the United States in Aprilbut the marriage fell apart after eight months and Sylvia returned to Germany. He looked at the envelope, and without reading it, tore it apart.
It was the first time he had heard from her since the breakup, but as Margaret put it, “when he was finished with a person, he was through with them. By the late s, Salinger had become an avid follower of Zen Buddhismto the point that he “gave reading lists on the subject to his dates”  and arranged a meeting with Buddhist scholar D.
J. D. Salinger
William Maxwell, the magazine’s fiction editor, was impressed enough with “the singular quality of the story” that the magazine asked Salinger to continue revising it.
He spent a year reworking it with New Yorker editors and the magazine accepted the story, now titled ” A Perfect Day for Bananafish “, and published it in the January 31, issue. The magazine thereon offered Salinger a “first-look” contract that allowed them right of first refusal on any future stories. In the early s, Salinger had confided in a letter to Whit Burnett that he was eager to sell the film rights to some of his stories in order to achieve financial security.
Therefore, he immediately agreed when, in mid, independent film producer Samuel Goldwyn offered to buy the film rights to his short story ” Saalinger Wiggily in Connecticut “. Scott Berg referred to it as a ” bastardization “. In the s, Salinger confided to several people that he was working on a novel featuring Holden Caulfield, the teenage protagonist of his short story “Slight Rebellion off Madison”,  and The Sqlinger in the Rye was published on July 16,by Little, Brown and Company.
Not only was he expelled from his current school, he had also been expelled from three previous schools. Initial reactions to the book were mixed, ranging from The New York Times innverted Catcher as “an unusually brilliant first novel” aslinger to denigrations of the book’s monotonous language and the “immorality and perversion” of Holden,  who uses religious slurs and freely discusses casual sex and prostitution.
It spent 30 weeks on the New York Times Bestseller list. The book’s initial success was followed by a brief lull in popularity, but by the late s, according to Ian Hamilton, it had “become the book all brooding adolescents had to buy, the indispensable manual from which cool styles of disaffectation could be borrowed. In the s, several U.
A study of censorship noted that The Catcher in the Rye “had the dubious distinction of being at once the most frequently censored book across the nation and the second-most frequently taught novel in public high schools” after John Steinbeck ‘s Saliger Mice and Men.
In the wake of its s success, Salinger received and rejected numerous offers to adapt The Catcher in the Rye for the screen, including one from Samuel Goldwyn. Salinger stated in the s that ” Jerry Lewis tried for years to get his hands on the part of Holden.
I won’t name any living writers. I don’t think it’s right” although O’Casey was in fact living at the time. Sherwood AndersonRing Lardnerand F. Scott Fitzgerald ;  Ian Hamilton wrote that Salinger even saw himself for some time as “Fitzgerald’s successor”.
Salinger invertdd friends of a momentous change in his life inafter several years of practicing Zen Buddhism, while reading The Gospel of Sri Ramakrishna about Hindu religious teacher Sri Ramakrishna.
The story ” Salingsr ” features a ten-year-old child who expresses Vedantic insights. InSalinger published a collection of seven stories invertex The New Yorker “Bananafish” among themas well as two that the magazine had rejected. As the notoriety of The Catcher in the Rye grew, Salinger gradually withdrew from public view. Early ibverted his time at Cornish he was relatively sociable, particularly with students at Windsor High School. Salinger invited them to his house frequently to play records and talk about problems at school.
Nonetheless, after Blaney’s interview appeared prominently in the newspaper’s editorial section, Salinger cut off all contact with the saalinger schoolers without explanation.
After the publication of Nine Storieshe published only four stories through the rest of the decade; two in and one each in and They had two children, Margaret also known as Peggy – born December 10, and Matthew born February 13, Margaret Salinger wrote in her memoir Dream Catcher that she believes her parents would saoinger have married, nor would she have been born, had her father not read the teachings of Lahiri Mahasaya fotest, a guru of Paramahansa Yoganandawhich brought the invertex of enlightenment to those following the path of the “householder” a married person foorest children.
Salinger also insisted that Claire drop saljnger of school and live with him, only four months shy of graduation, which she did. Certain elements of the story “Franny”, published in Januaryare based on his relationship with Claire, including her ownership of the book The Way of the Pilgrim. Claire was also frustrated by Salinger’s ever-changing religious beliefs. Though salnger committed herself to Kriya yoga, she remembered that Salinger would chronically leave Cornish to work on a story “for several weeks only to return with the piece he was supposed to be finishing all undone or destroyed and some new ‘ism’ we had to follow.
After abandoning Salingre yoga, Salinger tried Dianetics the forerunner of Scientologyeven meeting its founder L. Ron Hubbardbut according to Claire he was quickly disenchanted with it.
Salinger’s family life was further marked by discord after the first child was born; according to Margaret’s book, Claire felt that her daughter had replaced her in Salinger’s affections.
Claire had supposedly intended to do it during a trip to New York City with Salinger, but she instead acted on a sudden impulse to take Margaret from the hotel and run away. After a few months, Salinger persuaded her to return to Cornish. An Introduction in Each book contained two short stories or novellas, previously published in The New Yorkerabout members of the Glass family.
These four stories were originally published between andand were the only ones Salinger had published since Nine Stories. On the dust jacket of Franny and ZooeySalinger wrote, in reference invwrted his interest in privacy: On September 15,Time magazine devoted its cover to Salinger.
Salinnger an article that profiled his “life of recluse”, the magazine reported that the Glass family series “is nowhere near completion Salinger intends to write a Glass trilogy. His first new work in six years, the novella took up most of the June 19,issue of The New Yorkerand was universally panned by critics.
Around this time, Salinger had isolated Claire from friends and relatives and made her—in the words of Margaret Salinger—”a virtual prisoner”.
Inat the age of 53, Salinger had a relationship with year-old Joyce Maynard that lasted for nine months. Maynard, at this time, was already an experienced writer for Seventeen forwst. Salinger wrote a foerst to her warning about living with fame. After exchanging 25 letters, Maynard moved in with Salinger the summer after her freshman year at Yale University. The relationship ended, he told his daughter Margaret at a family outing, because Maynard wanted children, and he felt he was too old.
The Inverted Forest: jdsalinger
She had dropped out of Yale to be with him, even forgoing a scholarship. Maynard later writes in her own memoir how she came to find out that Salinger had begun relationships with young women by exchanging letters.
One of those letter recipients included Salinger’s last wife, a nurse who was already engaged to be married to someone else when she met the author.
While he was living with Maynard, Salinger continued to write in a disciplined fashion, a few hours every morning. According to Maynard, by he had completed two new novels.
I like to write. I love to write. But I write just for myself and my own pleasure.