Questionnaire Response. II. Direct Scoring of the JDI. III. Number of Positive and Negative Items in the JDI. Dimensions. IV. Expected Scores of the. Index questionnaire which are job, pay, promotion opportunity, supervision and .. (JDI) Questionnaire which has been used to evaluate job satisfaction. The JDI and related scales are frequently used by academic researchers and workplace professionals as a means of measuring employee attitudes such as job.

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Colleges and universities are becoming increasingly accountable for teaching outcomes in order to meet rigorous accreditation standards.

Job satisfaction JS seems more difficult to measure in the academic field in view of the complexity of roles, duties and responsibilities. To compile and determine the psychometric properties of a proposed Academic Job Satisfaction Questionnaire AJSQ suitable for university faculty, and amenable to future upgrading.

The response rate was Factor analysis extracted eight factors which conjointly explained All inter-factor correlations were positive and significant, ranging from 0. The psychometric properties of the instrument in separately analyzed subgroups divided by sex, nationality, college and clinical duties produced fairly comparable findings. The AJSQ demonstrated good overall psychometric properties in terms of construct validity and internal consistency reliability in both the overall sample and its separately analyzed subgroups.

To replicate these findings in larger multicenter samples of academic hdi. About one-third of human adult life is spent in breadwinning activities. But, work is more than a mere means of subsistence. It bestows on one a personal identity, self-actualization and social image. Some theorists conceptualize job satisfaction JS as the positive emotional reactions and attitudes toward one’s job. The literature abounds in studies on JS.

Different instruments have been developed. Some are single-item measures,[ 6 ] others have varying numbers of items. Some questionnnaire the original versions proved too lengthy for routine surveys.

In both cases, the short version demonstrated psychometric power comparable to the long version. Indecision as to which to choose from a plethora of such instruments motivated many newcomers to develop their own instruments.

In a country such as Saudi Arabia, relatively few studies have addressed JS. Despite the sizable literature on JS of academic staff, most studies have employed relatively generic all-purpose instruments. Developing JS measures specifically tailored for academic staff has become a pressing need in the face of increasing accountability for teaching outcomes to meet accreditation standards.

The purpose of the present study was to develop and validate a self-administered Academic Job Satisfaction Questionnaire AJSQ suitable for university faculty, and, hopefully applicable to related professions. Specifically, we aimed at assessing the instrument’s psychometric properties in terms of factor structure and internal consistency, as well as inter-item and inter-factor correlations.

The study design was that of a whole population cross-sectional survey.


The Job Descriptive Index: Newly Updated and Available for Download

The target population was all the academic faculty of the five colleges of the University of Dammam [U0D]. The primary dependent measure was the overall level of JS. The assessment tool was a fully structured multi-item self-administered questionnaire. The outcome target was the psychometric properties of a proposed AJSQ.

This stimulated a process of extensive scanning of the literature, scrutiny of existing JS measures,[ 6 — 26 ] as well as expert panels and focus group deliberations. The outcome was a fully structured draft questionnaire composed of two parts. The first part contained basic demographic and professional data including sex, age, nationality, academic degrees, college, department and duration of service at the University.

The second part contained 46 items, one of which was an overall judgment about one’s own JS, and the remaining items subdivided into eleven putative JS domains. The questionnaire was dispatched by internal college mail to each faculty member for anonymous self-administration.

A total of of all the academic staff of U0D returned their completed questionnaires making a response rate of The responders were By academic titles, By duration of service in U0D, Five measures were to be estimated: The correlation matrix and the pair-wise inter-factor correlations used Pearson’s correlation coefficient. The data analysis of JS indices in separate faculty subgroups followed the same statistical procedures as for the whole faculty sample.

Table 1 displays the factor structure of the emerging AJSQ. Eight factors had been extracted.

Conjointly, they accommodated 45 out of the initially introduced 46 items. The singularly rejected item had failed to achieve the set minimum of 0. Two factors contained nine items each, three factors contained five each, and the remaining three factors contained four each.

Factor 1 alone contributed half questoonnaire The remaining seven factors explained from 6. Table 3 shows that all the pair-wise factor-factor correlations were significantly positive. Table 4 provides the main psychometric properties of the instrument in separately analyzed major faculty subgroups.

The quuestionnaire explained variance of Comparing subgroup counterparts, explained variance was higher in males than in females, in expatriates than in nationals, in medical than in non-medical, and in clinical than in non-clinical faculty.

The highest one was 0. The present study has achieved its main objective, namely validating an AJSQ. The initial face validity and content validity have been confirmed by the construct validity generated from factor analysis.

The integrity of the instrument as a whole has been demonstrated by the invariably positive and significant inter-factor correlations.

The consistency of the instrument across separately analyzed faculty subgroups supports its applicability in various academic settings. Most of our reported psychometric indices compare favorably with published studies. Our response rate of The explained variance of Future studies are needed to identify and incorporate some hitherto unoperationalized determinants of JS. For, irrespective of whichever JS instrument is being used, percent of the overall variance queetionnaire JS questionanire unexplained.

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The foregoing calls for the development of a new generation of JS instruments variably tailored to qjestionnaire specified professional groups and sensitive to prevailing questionniare influences.

These issues constitute an agenda for further qualitative and quantitative investigations aiming to consolidate and upgrade of the present draft of our AJSQ.

The study successfully developed and questionnairw a JS questionnaire suitable for academic staff in colleges and specialties.

The following five attributes make AJSQ strongly commendable for the investigation of the state of JS in various academic settings. They are the explained variance of questionnaird Planned qualitative and quantitative investigations are envisaged to confirm and upgrade the obtained results. The total study population of academic faculty was rather modest. The response rate of Although, these reservations apply to all studies on JS, they should not be ignored when evaluating the observed findings.

The authors thank the deans, vice-deans and chairpersons of the departments in all the five colleges for their help in data collection and in related quesyionnaire pertaining to the present study. Special thanks go to all faculty members who readily completed and returned the questionnaires.

We are also indebted to Margilyn Ungson and Jess Asilo for their enthusiastic secretarial and logistic services. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. J Family Community Med. Al-RubaishSheikh Idris A. Rahim1 Mahdi S. Abumadini1 and Lade Wosornu 2. Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.

Academic job satisfaction questionnaire: Construction and validation in Saudi Arabia

This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Academic faculty, accreditation, job satisfaction, questionaire questionnaire, Saudi Arabia. Questionnairs A total of of all the academic staff of U0D returned their completed questionnaires making a response rate of Outcome measures Five measures were to be estimated: Table 1 Table 1a: Factor analysis — Part 1 Table 1b: Factor analysis — Part 2.

Open in a separate window. Table 2 Within-factor internal consistency jddi. Table 3 Correlations between factors. Table 4 Psychometric properties in separately analyzed staff subgroups. Limitations The total study population of academic faculty was rather modest. Acknowledgments The authors thank the deans, vice-deans and chairpersons of the departments in all the five colleges for their help in data collection and in related logistics pertaining to the present study.

Academic job satisfaction questionnaire: Construction and validation in Saudi Arabia

Footnotes Source of Support: Nil Conflict of Interest: How good are single vs. Toward a hierarchical model of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. Advances in experimental social psychology,