Possibility may have varying degrees (Budai ), such as hypothetical solutions (It can be .. Budai, László. Élő angol nyelvtan. Săndulescu– Lidia Vianu (eds), Gramatica limbii engleze [English Grammar], vol. 4, – Budai, László. Gramatica engleză. Teorie şi exerciţii. Bucureşti: Teora. Chiţoran, D., Panovf, I., Poenaru, I. English Grammar. Exercises. Bucureşti. (curs practic de limba engleză pentru învăţământul la distanţă). Anul II În ceea ce priveşte întrebările în limba engleză, Budai, László, Gramatica engleză.

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Some verbs may be used with both the infinitive and the gerundsometimes depending on the meaning to be expressed: After the following verbs either the infinitive or the gerund may be used without any difference in meaning.

If the verbs to begin and to start are followed by a verb of knowing or understandingthe infinitive is used. He began to realize his errors. El a inceput sa-si dea seama de greseli.

I began to understand him. Am inceput sa-l inteleg. When to begin and to start are used the continuous tensesthe infinitive is preferred.

It is beginning to rain. The prisoners attempted to escape but failed.

Prizonierii au incercat sa scape dar au esuat. He intended to change the key.

english syntax the simple sentence

A vrut sa schimbe cheia. Nu suport sa o vad plangand. After the following verbs the gerund varies with the passive infinitive. Pantofii mei trebuie reparati. After to adviseto allowto permitto recommend the infinitive is used if the person concerned is mentioned.

Please allow me to carry your bag.

Permite-mi sa-ti car bagajul. The gerund is used if the person concerned is not mentioned: I dread to think of what may happen. Mi-e groaza sa ma gandesc ce s-ar putea intampla [2].

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After the following verbs either the infinitive or the gerund may be used with a difference in meaning: She never intended to do you harm. N-a vrut niciodata sa-ti faca rau. This meant getting up early and leaving in a hurry. Acest lucru insemna sa ma scol devreme si sa ma grabesc. I remember telling him the story. Imi amintesc sa-i fi spus povestea. Remember to buy fruit.

Verbs Followed By The Infinitive Or The gerund

Sa nu uiti sa cumperi fructe [3]. He tried writing some articles. A incercat sa scrie niste articole. The student ubdai to explainbut he failed. Studentul a incercat sa explicedar a esuat [4].

Nu va uita sa-mi aduca cartea. I shall never forget seeing Paris. Nu voi uita niciodata ca am vazut Parisul. After verbs expressing dis like and likethe gerund is used for general statements ; the infinitive is preferred in statements about a particular occasion: Ura sa faca cumparaturi. To loveto liketo preferto hate when used in the conditional are followed by the infinitivebut when used in present or past they are usually followed by a gerund. Mia-ar placea sa merg la opera.

I like going to the opera.


Imi place sa merg la opera [6]. The distinction also frequently holds good when either form is used in the function of a subject or nominal predicate. Going to fairs and markets was one of his favourite pastimes.

A merge la targuri si piete era una din pasiunile lui. I have not been to Americabut to go there is one of my ambitions. N-am fost niciodata in Americadar sa merg acolo este una din. I should prefer to stay indoors. As prefera sa stau acasa.


He likes to smoke a cigarette. Ii place sa fumeze o tigara. He likes smoking a cigarette by the fireplace. Ii place sa fumeze o tigara langa semineu. I do not like to speak about these things. Nu-mi place sa vorbesc despre aceste lucruri. I do not like speaking about. Nu-mi place sa vorbesc despre. To that follows these expressions is a prepositionwhich justifies the use of a gerund.

I am forward looking to meeting you. De-abia astept sa te cunosc. Other expressions that require a gerund are: Nu ma pot opri din ras. It is worth mentioning her name. Merita amintit numele ei [7]. The gerund may form a unit with such adverbs: Satisfaction is derived from reading the newspaper and listening-in.

Satisfactia se trage din lecturarea ziarului ziarului si ascultarea lui. She cares to know the truth. Ii pasa sa stie adevarul. She hesitated telling the truth. Ea a ezitat sa spuna adevarul. I reminded him to close the window. I-am reamintit sa inchida geamul. I reminded him of closing the door. I-am reamintit sa inchida usa. Prietenii CartiiBucuresti ClusiumCluj Napoca ClusiumCluj Napoca Nu esti inregistrat Trebuie sa fii utilizator inregistrat pentru a putea comenta Creaza cont nou.

Daca documentul a fost util si crezi ca merita sa adaugi un link catre el la tine in site Copiaza codul in pagina web a site-ului tau. The Tenses of the Verb.