se define inicialmente la línea de Hilgenreiner “H”, que se traza a través de los cartílagos triradiados; la línea de Perkins “P” es dibujada perpendicular a la H. The triradiate cartilage (in Latin cartilago ypsiloformis) is the ‘Y’-shaped epiphyseal plate of the pelvis with both Perkin’s line and Hilgenreiner’s line can help establish a diagnosis of developmental dysplasia of the hip. iliopubic eminence / iliopectineal line · linea terminalis · ischiopubic ramus / pubic arch; Foramina. Los movimientos que puede realizar la articulación coxofermoral son: Flexión: º; Extensión: 30º; Abducción: 45º; Aducción: 30º; Rotación.

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Showing to of matching Articles Results per page: In a 42 year-old male cadaver, the left testicular artery was found to originate from the anterior surface of the abdominal aorta at the level of origin of the left renal artery. It ran parallel and just inferior to the hilgereiner renal artery and gave off a branch which supplied the left suprarenal gland.

The course, relations and branching of this suprarenal branch differed from the very rare cases found in the literature. Awareness of the possible existence of such variations of the testicular arteries is of great importance during surgical procedures.

The aim of this study was to describe the microvascularization of the area of junction located between the integuments of the nasal ala and the respiratory mucosa. This study is part of an overall study on the microvascularization of the mucocutaneous junctions of the head.

It was undertaken on histological or clarified yilgenreiner of noses from fetuses, newborns and adults whose vascular system was injected with Indian ink liinea. The mucocutaneous junction of the nose shows similarities with the mucocutaneous junction of the oral cavity.

Under a well-defined avascular and thick epithelium lies a vascular papillary network with typical loops less high than in the lips. The angioarchitectonics of superficial and deep vascular reticular networks is similar to that of the lips but they are less dense. The purpose of the present study was to describe the anatomical structure of the tibiofibular syndesmosis. Dissection of the tibiofibular syndesmosis was performed on 30 cadaveric specimens of the ankle in adults. The stability of the tibiofibular mortise is ensured by three ligaments.

The interosseous tibiofibular ligament forms a spatial network of fibers of a pyramidal shape filled with fibrofatty tissue.

Displasia de Cadera Congénita by victor gallegos on Prezi

The anterior tibiofibular ligament consists of three parts: The posterior tibiofibular ligament is a strong, compact ligament the lower margin of which literally forms the articular labrum for the lateral ridge of the trochlea of the talus. The so-called inferior transverse tibiofibular ligament, as this part of the ligament is sometimes characterized, cannot be considered as a separate ligament.

Direct contact between the distal tibia and the fibula was found in 23 cases. Contact facets which were covered with articular cartilage were very small and located in the anterior half of the tibiofibular contact line. In the posterior part of the tibiofibular contact line a vertical V-shaped synovial plica attached by its lateral aspect to the fibula dipped between the two bones.

In seven cases where there was no direct contact between the two bones this plica linsa anteriorly to the anterior tibiofibular ligament. The findings show that in three quarters of cases the connection of the distal tibia and fibula is not a mere syndesmosis ee also a synovial joint. The presented facts change traditional opinions on the structure of the tibiofibular syndesmosis and they should be reflected in the treatment of dislocation-fractures of the ankle as well as in case of so-called anterolateral ankle impingement.

The objective of this study was to provide the morphological details on small branches of the portal linae in transverse groove of hepatic hilum. SHPVs were minutely dissected in 30 adult cadaveric livers. The number, diameter, length, origin points, and entering liver sites of SHPVs were explored and measured. Hhilgenreiner mean diameter of SHPVs was 2.

The average length of SHPVs was 4. SHPVs widely existed in each liver specimen. The detailed anatomical study of SHPVs could be useful to avoid damaging the short portal branches during hepatic operations, such as isolated or combined caudate lobectomy.

Arthroscopic EndoButton fixation of anterior cruciate ligament ACL grafts over the femoral cortex has become popular in recent years. However, elongation of fixation materials has lead to tunnel enlargement, graft tunnel motion and instability.


Synovial fluid passages along femoral tunnels following ACL reconstruction may result in destruction of tissues. The purpose of the present study was to identify the seating position of the EndoButton in regard to the boundaries of the knee capsule in single-incision arthroscopic ACL reconstruction.

A total of 20 cadaveric knees were dissected and arthroscopic drill guides were used to create tibial and femoral tunnels.

Triradiate cartilage

The distances between the exit points and boundaries of the suprapatellar bursa at three different degrees of knee flexion hilgenriener measured. The average distances from the exit points to the superior boundaries of the suprapatellar bursa were 6. The anatomical study was carried out using 40 preserved cadaveric specimens of latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flaps. It included dissections, angiographies and tissue clearing after arterial injection with latex.

The results proved that the dominant vascular supply, the thoracodorsal a. In addition, there are two sets of segmental pedicles, from the intercostal and lumbar vessels, supplying the medial third of the muscle.

The accurate localization of the intramuscular distribution of the thoracodorsal a. The designed flaps were successfully applied in 10 cases for reconstruction of breast, axilla, neck and chest wall. We present a rare case of combined high bifurcation of the common carotid artery, anomalous origin of the ascending pharyngeal artery and unusual branching pattern of the external carotid artery.

The right common carotid artery bifurcated at hilgenreineg level between the second and the third cervical vertebrae, giving rise to the ascending pharyngeal artery just below the bifurcation. The right external carotid artery branched directly at its origin into linae superior thyroid, hilgenreinfr and occipital arteries and the distal part of the external carotid artery. The latter gave rise to the right facial artery and finally bifurcated into the maxillary and hilgenreinet temporal arteries.

The right posterior auricular artery arose from the right occipital artery. The finding was unilateral and other vascular anomalies were not observed. The embryogenesis of such a combination of anomalies is not clear, but the anatomic consequences may have important clinical implications. We found a left superficial ulnar artery in the cadaver of a Japanese woman. This anomalous vessel hilgenreier from the brachial artery at a site 55 mm distal to the inferior border of the teres major muscle and medial to the median holgenreiner, ran downward and medially superficial to the forearm flexor muscles, and then downward to enter the hand.

It formed superficial and deep palmar arches with the radial artery. The clinical importance of the anomalous ulnar artery is discussed. The aim of this study was to describe a method of developing a computerized model of the human female pelvis using plastinated slices. Computerized reconstruction of anatomical structures is becoming very useful for developing anatomical teaching, research modules and animations.

Although databases consisting of serial linwa derived from frozen cadaver material exist, plastination represents an alternative method for developing anatomical data useful for computerized reconstruction. A slice anatomy study, using plastinated transparent pelvis cross sections, was performed to obtain a 3D reconstruction.

One female human pelvis used for this study, first plastinated as hjlgenreiner block, then sliced into thin slices and in the end subjected to 3D computerized reconstruction using WinSURF modeling system SURFdriver Software.

To facilitate the understanding of the complex pelvic floor anatomy on sectional images obtained through MR imaging, and to make the representation more vivid, a female pelvis computer-aided 3D model was created.

Qualitative observations revealed that the morphological features of the model were consistent with those displayed lnea typical nilgenreiner specimens. The quality of the reconstructed images appeared distinct, especially the spatial positions and complicated relationships of contiguous structures of the female pelvis. All reconstructed structures can be displayed in groups or as a whole and interactively rotated in 3D space.

The utilization of plastinates for generating tissue sections is useful hilgenreinsr 3D computerized modeling. The 3D model se the female pelvis presented in this paper provides a stereoscopic view to study the adjacent relationship and arrangement of respective pelvis sections.

A better understanding of the pelvic floor anatomy is relevant to gynaecologists, radiologists, surgeons, urologists, physical therapists and all professionals who take care of women with pelvic floor dysfunction. To describe the transoral hilgenreinrr of the tongue base anatomy, focusing on a superior to inferior perspective, which is less familiar to the head and neck surgeon but, at the same time, worthy to be known given the expanding interest and diffusion of the transoral robotic technique.


Hilgenreinerr normal patients, with normal oral cavity and oropharynx, were studied as control samples by means of a 3-T MRI scanner. Major neurovascular elements are placed laterally and deeply within the tongue base. Dissection within intrinsic and genioglossus muscles is safe because the main trunk of the lingual artery lies on the lateral surface of genioglossus muscle, covered by the hyoglossus muscle. The hypoglossal nerve, with its comitant vein, is more lateral, lying on the external surface of the hyoglossus muscle.

Radiological evaluation can visualize important details of this complex anatomy. The position of the vessels can be directly identified, whereas major nerves are more difficult to be visualized unless they are surrounded by fibro-fatty tissue.

A medial to lateral dissection of the tongue base can be considered safe. A strict lina with the radiologist is helpful in approaching these cases by means of a robotic technique and in improving a true 3D understanding of this complex anatomy.

Hilgenreiner line | Radiology Reference Article |

To investigate anatomic features of the inferior oblique nerve Hilgenreinet by high-resolution magnetic resonance MR imaging and cadaveric dissection. This study enrolled consecutive outpatients, who underwent 3. The T2-weighted imaging data of IObN were extracted for analysis and compared with the findings of microsurgical dissection in 14 orbits. At the midpoint of the IObN part coursing along the orbital floor and above or adjacent to the infraorbital nerve and artery complex, the mean distance from the lateral margin of the IRM was 1.

The IObN showed upward direction change hilgenreinee below the belly of the inferior oblique muscle and innervated to it at the equator level in 78 sides on the right and 89 on the left. Dissected specimens revealed the consistent morphological findings of the IObN. The IObN seems to be a relatively consistent structure. Anatomic information on the IObN and surrounding structures that are provided by high-resolution MR imaging can be a help for safe surgery.

linea de hilgenreiner pdf

This technology aimed to provide educational support to the program, namely, to the sessions of radiological anatomy in each section of the course head, neck, thorax, abdomen, pelvis and perineum. A questionnaire lnea designed to evaluate the opinion of the students enrolled in this course, focusing on the teaching sessions of radiological anatomy.

Of students, To describe the relationship between the value of this technology and several aspects of its organisation and adequacy, the Spearman rank correlation coefficient was used canonical correlation was used for the various practical sessions.

The comments of students were very positive emphasising the quality of the media, organisation of the course, immediate feedback, degree of interactivity and simplicity of use they suggested a larger facility for the computers and acquisition of more programs and hardware. The positive evaluation of the use of the CD-ROMs in clinical anatomy allows us to foresee the formal integration of these instructional tools in the whole course, and not to restrict its use to specific units within the course.

The purpose of the study was to describe the anatomical variations of the connection between the flexor hallucis longus FHL and flexor digitorum longus FDL tendons in the knot of Henry in Asians, and quantify the length of FHL tendon graft with different incisions. Sixty-four embalmed feet of 32 cadavers were analyzed anatomically with respect to the individual cross-links in the planta pedis. Single incision technique graft length was measured from the musculotendinous junction of FHL and the point at sustentaculum tali.

Double incision technique was measured from musculotendinous junction of FHL and the level of the master knot of Henry. Additionally, minimally invasive incision technique was measured from musculotendinous junction of FHL to the first interphalangeal joint. These three techniques were then combined to determine the total potential tendon graft length obtainable using different approach. Only two different configurations were found.

The average length of the FHL graft available from a single incision measured 5. The absence of no attachment and FDL tendon to the FHL between the two tendons in the foot may be more frequent than previously reported.